SCRIPTed is pleased to consider submissions sent via e-mail to Text should be in Microsoft Word format where possible, but all possible efforts will be made to accommodate other formats. A submission will only be considered where the author warrants that their manuscript has not already been published or offered for publication elsewhere in whole, in part, or in substance. We will not accept submissions under consideration at other journals.

Articles should not normally exceed 10,000 words (including footnotes). Analysis Pieces should normally not exceed 4,000 words. Case/Legislation Comments and Commentaries should not normally exceed 3,000 words. Book Reviews should not normally exceed 2,000 words. Any submission which exceeds the identified word counts may be accepted upon special consideration of the Editorial Board.

Authors are invited to make submissions in any language, though consideration of them is subject to the Editorial Board’s ability to locate an appropriate peer-reviewer in the subject language.   If submissions are made in a language other than English, the Title and an Abstract not exceeding 250 words must be submitted in English. Authors may provide an English translation of their submission, in which case both versions will be published (if they wish).  All submissions will be subject to the journal’s Editorial and Refereeing Policies.  Attempts to accommodate all internationally recognised character sets will be made where feasible.

SCRIPTed publishes Articles, Analysis Pieces, Case/Legislation Comments, Commentaries, Book Reviews and Conference Reports. To ensure that only submissions of the highest quality are published, the journal employs the following referee system:

Initial Review: All submissions are first considered by the Managing Editor to determine if they are suitable.

Assignment: Having determined suitability, the Managing Editor assigns Articles, Analysis Pieces, Case/Legislation Comments and Commentaries to a Supervising Editor, who in turn assigns it to an Associate Editor with particular experience and/or interest in the field. The Associate Editor is responsible for sending the submission to at least two recognised experts for independent, external peer review. Book Reviews are not externally peer reviewed; they are reviewed by the Managing Editor only.

Peer Review: Referees are asked to consider the following: (1) overall quality; (2) originality (its contribution to the field); (3) timeliness and time sensitivity; (4) academic standards (argumentation and presentation, including adequacy of referencing, grammar, syntax etc.); and (5) success of synthesis between areas for those submissions purporting to be interdisciplinary. Referees will recommend one of the following options: (1) accept outright for immediate publication; (2) accept outright for future publication; (3) accept subject to minor modification; (4) accept subject to major modification; (5) reject outright.

Revision: Authors will be sent anonymised copies of Referee comments. Authors are responsible for ensuring that necessary amendments are carried out in light of Referee recommendations.

Reconsideration: Revised manuscript submissions received by the Associate Editor may be returned to Referees or may be assessed solely by the responsible Associate Editor (having reference to the review and recommendations by the Referees).

Recommendation: Based on Referee Reports and his or her own assessment, the Associate Editor will make a recommendation on disposition to the Editorial Board, which has final responsibility for each decision on each submission.

Authors are responsible for ensuring that their submission conforms to SCRIPTed’s formatting style (see below), and for ensuring that all citations are accurate. Authors are encouraged to use the word processor’s styles. For example, Title should always appear as Heading 1 under Style, and body text should appear as “Normal”. Use the footnote style for footnotes, and do not include page numbers. Endnote 6 is acceptable for end-noting. We strongly encourage authors to use this document as a template.

While the Copy Editor does NOT check the accuracy of citations, s/he reserves the right to make amendments considered necessary to achieve SCRIPTed stylistic and formatting standards, and may make changes with a view to (1) eliminating errors of typing, grammar, syntax, punctuation, spelling, and idiom, (2) eliminating ambiguity, illogicality, tautology, circumlocution and redundancy, (3) producing accuracy and coherence, and (4) improving the mode of expression and style of writing. Changes will be sent to the author for approval. Once approved by the author, the manuscript will be treated by SCRIPTed as final and ready for publication. No further changes will be allowed to the text absent compelling justification.

SCRIPTed’s in-house formatting style should be followed for all submissions (e.g. Articles, Analysis Pieces, Case/Legislation Comments, Commentaries), and is as follows. For Book Review formatting, see our Book Reviewer Guidelines.



Authors are invited to make submissions in any language, though consideration of submissions is subject to the Editorial Board’s ability to locate an appropriate peer reviewer in the subject language.  If submissions are made in a language other than English, the Title and an Abstract must be submitted in English. Where English is used, please comply with British English (see Spelling below).

Article Title

The article title should be centred at the head of the first page, and each primary word should begin with a capital letter (e.g. Intellectual Property Law in Scotland).

Author’s Name

The author’s name should be centred under the title and in lower case italics (e.g. John Smith). There should be an asterisk (*) after each author’s name, which corresponds to an asterisked footnote, giving the author’s current position(s) of employment (e.g. Lecturer, University of Edinburgh). There is no need to list the author’s qualifications.


Authors should provide an abstract of 250 words or less, which will appear under the listing of the published version, in italics.


Headings within the text are encouraged. It is recommended that no more than three degrees of heading be used as follows:

1. Principle Heading (Bold; no italics)

1.1. Second Grade Heading (Bold; italics)

1.1.1. Third Grade Heading (Not bold; italics)



SCRIPTed uses UK, not American spelling (e.g. analyse, not analyze; criticise, not criticize; characterise, not characterize; etc.). The following website is a useful reference: Please also consult the Oxford English Dictionary (OED) for correct spellings.

A “z” can be used in official names of organisations (e.g. World Health Organization, World Intellectual Property Organization) and when quoting text that uses the American spelling. Do not use conjunctions (e.g. use cannot, not can’t; do not, not don’t, etc).


No paragraphs should be indented. All articles should be single spaced and a single space should be used after full stops and other punctuation marks. All text should be fully justified (not aligned left).


Capitalisation is appropriate for names of persons, places, institutions and intellectual movements (e.g. John Smith; Edinburgh; European Union; Scottish Enlightenment), but not for other terms. As a matter of style, “Internet” is always capitalised.

Acronyms / Abbreviations:

Acronyms and short titles should only be used after the full title has appeared once in the text (e.g. “Ms X became Director of the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO)…”). This rule applies for all conjunctions (including IP, IT, ICT, etc).

No full stops are used with abbreviations other than e.g. and i.e. (e.g. Brown J / Green MR / Yellow LJ / SCC / HL / CA / QC / Co / Ltd / USA / USSR / WTO / UN / UNESCO / IT / AI).

Hyphens / Dashes:

A hyphen “-” should be used as a word separator (e.g. copy-editor; twenty-four). A longer dash “–” is used to separate a sentence from a side remark (e.g. “These remarks – made by the Director of company X – indicate that…”).


Quotes less than 3 lines of text should appear in the body and be identified with double quotation marks (“ ”), with quotes within such quotes identified with single quotation marks (‘ ’). Ensure that all punctuation is within the quotes (e.g. “Blah, blah.”).

Quotes longer than three lines of text should be presented as independent, fully-indented paragraphs without quotation marks. Quotes within such quotes should be presented with double quotation marks (“ ”). Quotes in a foreign language should normally appear in English translation, but the original text may also be reproduced if it is necessary that the text be examined closely. Be sure to use standard form quotation marks (e.g. “x”, not “x” or ‘x’), and ensure that they are consistent (e.g. “x”, not “x” or “x’). Make sure that all punctuation marks are within quotation marks.

To indicate that words have been omitted from a quote, please use ellipses (…) without any spaces around them: e.g. “His Lordship opined that…the pursuer’s case failed.”

Please use double quotation marks (“ ”) when defining a term for use in the article (e.g. “concept X”, not ‘concept X’).


Number under 100 are written in full (e.g. eighty-four), unless they refer to a percentage, in which case it appears as, e.g., 25%.


Give dates in the form 25 December 2002.


Generally, footnotes should be used for the vouching of sources, rather than for additional text. They should only be produced by means of the word processor’s automatic footnote function (with Arabic numerals, consecutively numbered).

The footnote reference should generally appear after punctuation marks, not before (e.g. “X argues that Y.”1 – NOT “X argues that Y1.”) Footnote text should follow the rules stated above in Text, save that all numbers should be given as figures and the months in dates may be given in abbreviated form (Jan, Feb, Mar, Apr, Aug, Sept, Oct, Nov, Dec).

The only time a citation should appear in front of a punctuation mark is when the point being made within commas is being citied. Ensure that every footnote corresponds correctly with the footnote that it references (e.g. when footnote 34 says, “See note 12 above”, make sure that footnote 12 contains the information that it should). Do NOT use italics for text in the footnote unless it is a reference to a case or book requiring italics (Do not say, “See note 12 above.”).

Ibid, in italics, should be used for consecutive citations. If referring to a different page in the same source, use Ibid, followed by a comma and the number of the relevant page (e.g. Ibid, 25). Terms such as op cit, idem, supra, and infra should not be used. Cross-references to other footnotes should take the form “see note X above/below”.

Use ch when referring to a chapter and vol for a volume. Page references do not use the abbreviations p or pp, but should adopt the following style: G Laurie, see note 24 above, at 3.

Make sure that there is a full stop at the end of every footnote.



A case name should be given as it appears in the most authoritative report of the case. The full citation need only be given at the first reference to the case, which should also provide the shorthand reference to be used in subsequent citations. The case name should be printed in italics, including the v, and the v should not be followed by a full stop. Make sure that the citation number is not italicised. Note the different rules for annual case reporters as compared to ongoing reports. When referencing dicta from a case, either paragraph or page numbering can be used.


  • Chatterton v Gerson, [1981] 1 All ER 257 (QB) (henceforth Chatterton).

  • Sidaway v Board of Governors of the Bethlem Royal Hospital, [1984] 1 All ER 1018 (CA) (henceforth Sidaway).

  • Re T (adult: refusal of medical treatment), [1992] 4 All ER 649 (CA).

  • Rose v Melanson (2005), 194 OAC 186 (Ont CA).

  • Canada (Human Rights Commission) v Canadian Airlines International Ltd, [2006] 1 SCR 3.

  • R v Secretary of State for Transport, ex parte Factortame, [1991] ECR I-3905 (ECJ).

If the case is not yet reported it should be cited with a reference to the relevant notice in the Official Journal:

  • EC Commission v Ireland, Case C-134/89, [1989] OJ L145/1.


Statutes should normally be referred to by their short titles, together with the calendar year. No comma should appear between the word “Act” and the year. “Section” should be abbreviated as “s” (with no full stop), except where it is the first word in a sentence or footnote. “Sections” should be shortened to “ss”, chapter should be cited as “ch” and “Schedule” should be written as “Sch”. The titles of Acts and Regulations should be in italics.


Journal Articles:

Please give:

  • The author’s/authors’ first initial and surname with no full stops;

  • The full title of the article within double quotation marks (“ ”) and capitalisation of all primary words;

  • The year of publication in round brackets (unless there is no volume number);

  • The volume number in Arabic numerals;

  • The full name of the journal (in italics);

  • The first and last page of the article; and

  • If a more specific page reference is being given, the page number(s).

For articles with multiple authors, use the first initial and surname for up to three authors, separated by a coma and “and” (e.g. A Brown, J Smith and C Ten). Do not use an ampersand (“&”). For articles with four or more authors, use the first initial and surname of the first author followed by “et al” which is not italicised (e.g. A Brown et al).

Further examples:

  • R Fan, “Self-Determination vs Family-Determination: Two Incommensurable Principles of Autonomy” (1997) 11 Bioethics 309-322.

  • B Yang, “Medical Technology and Inequality in Health Care: The Case of Korea” (1993) 8 Health Policy Planning 385-393, at 388.

  • E Marden and D Nelkin, “Displaced Agendas: Current Regulatory Strategies for Germline Gene Therapy” (2000) 45 McGill Law Journal 461-481.

  • J Sim et al, “Survey of the Informed Consent for Anaesthesia Practice in Korea” (2005) 48 Korean Journal of Anaesthesiology 117-123, at 123.


Please give:

  • The author’s first initial and surname with no full stops;

  • The title (italicised);

  • The number of the edition (abbreviated “ed” – e.g. “4th ed”) if applicable; and

  • In round brackets, the city of publication, followed by a colon, the publisher, followed by a comma, and the year of publication (e.g. “(Oxford: OUP, 1999)”).

For specific references, include a comma, followed by “at” and the chapter or page number. For multiple authors, follow the rules outlined in Journal Articles, above.

Further examples:

  • G Laurie, Genetic Privacy (Cambridge: CUP, 2002).

  • A Macklin, Against Relativism (Oxford: OUP, 1999), at ch 5.

  • L Magnani, Morality in a Technological World: Knowledge as Duty (Cambridge: CUP, 2007), at 25.

Edited Books:

Give the editor’s name(s) as above for the author, with “ed(s)” following immediately in round brackets. Otherwise, follow the rules for Books. For multiple authors or editors, follow the rules outlined in Journal Articles, above.


  • A Wright and N Hastie (eds), Genes and Common Disease: Genetics in Modern Medicine (Cambridge: CUP, 2007).

When referencing a specific article in a collected work please provide the author(s) name and chapter title (with all primary words capitalised), in double quotation marks (“ ”). This should be followed by the word “in”, which in turn should be followed by a reference to the collected work itself (see Books, above). Finally, the first and last page of the article should be cited.

For specific references, include a comma, followed by “at” and the page number.


  • K Hattori, “East Asian Family and Biomedical Ethics” in S Song, Y Koo and D Macer (eds), Asian Bioethics in the 21st Century (NZ: Eubios, 2003) 229-231.

  • N Matsaniotis, “The Evolution of Technology, Genetics and Bioethics” in L Sicilianos and M Gavouneli (eds), Scientific and Technological Developments and Human Rights (Athens: Sakkoulas Publishers, 2001) 161-170, at 164.

  • D Morgan, “Science, Medicine and Ethical Change” in A Bainham et al (eds), Body Lore and Laws (Oxford: Hart Publishing, 2002) 329-342, at 333.

Electronic Sources:

When referencing a website or a source with a website citation, cite the name of the author (or institution), followed by the title of the webpage and the date it was last updated. Follow this by the phrase, “available at” (without a comma), followed by the link – which should be hyperlinked. URLs should not be italicised, put within <brackets> or within (parentheses). The author should identify the date of last access within parentheses after citing the URL (e.g. “(accessed 25 Dec 08)”).

For example:


Please note the following:

  • NEVER cite an article in this way: Regine Neugebauer, Fine-Tuning WTO Jurisprudence and the SPS Agreement: Lessons From the Beef Hormone Case, 31 Law & Pol’y Int’l Bus. 1255, 1276 (2000).

  • Do NOT use the Harvard or Vancouver or Chicago styles (e.g. “But some commentators have argued otherwise (MacQueen, 2003, Smith 1999, O’Connor 2002)…”). The author must change any references in these formats into house style, and use footnotes accordingly.